Exercise 2.6

Exercise 2.6 is about use of short focusing distance, wide aperture and longer focal lengths. Depth of field will be limited and the effect of the background must be considered as part of the composition.

I started this exercise with 3 separate images which include metadata showing the wide aperture of f1.2-1.4.

The first image is fairly flat and the out of focus sky does not distract from the subject of the photo. In the second image I am using selective focus to pick out one element of a fence panel using the rest of the fence panel as the background.  The image is very abstracted and difficult to understand. The third image has a busier background and detracts from the integrity of the subject.

In the second sequence I look at changing the point of focus from the left (or front) of the receding fence to the centre and finally the rear (or right) of the fence to see the impact on the composition. This is a second take on the image above of the fence panel.  This time I have selected a metal fence and provided more context to the image.

I find the central image where focus is just left of central the most normal composition.  The left hand image where focus is hard left is more dynamic but the background is distracting as the leading line of the fence leads the eye to more and more out of focus areas.  In the third image the leading line also leads you into focus and this is my preferred treatment of the three images.

Next I attempted a “contra-jour” image using a wide aperture and sunlight heading towards the lens, being careful not to introduce accidental flare.  The colour of the bokeh in the sun, echoes that of the rust on the fence post and the softness of the background complements the soft shape of the post.

My final image introduces a human element, the shallow depth of field puts the eye out of focus, yet it still remains a strong element of the composition.


  1. Bloomfield, R (2014) Photography 1: Expressing your Vision., OCA 2017, p.47